Why should you trust the information on this web page?

Finding Online Volunteering / Virtual Volunteering
/ Online Micro volunteering
& Home-Based Volunteering

(includes advice for home-based or remote volunteering where service doesn't require a computer)
credits and disclaimer

Online volunteering or virtual volunteering means unpaid service that is given by a person via the Internet or other technology network, either via a computer or via a handheld device (smart phone, cell phone, PDA, etc.). It is also sometimes called micro volunteering or crowdsourcing, when the tasks require just a few minutes of work. A growing number of people are calling it digital volunteering.

Volunteer or community service means actions, activity, engagement -- doing something that needs to be done and that helps the community or a cause.

People engaged in virtual volunteering undertake a variety of activities, such as:

  • translating documents
  • transcribing scanned documents
  • researching subjects
  • creating web pages
  • editing or writing proposals, press releases, newsletter articles, book chapters, etc.
  • developing material for a curriculum
  • designing a database or software
  • designing graphics
  • providing legal, business, medical, agricultural or any other expertise
  • populating a database with info - such as recipes for people with diabetes, or recycling ideas, or information about access points into a mass transit system accessible for people with mobility issues, and on and on
  • counseling people
  • tutoring or mentoring students
  • moderating online discussion groups
  • moderating an online event
  • writing songs
  • writing a traditional blog, microblogging or blogging a live event
  • recording or editing a podcast
  • recording or editing a video
  • monitoring the news
  • answering questions
  • tagging photos, maps and files with keywords and key information so that it can be found in a search
  • managing other online volunteers
Virtual Volunteering is real volunteering -- and real community service. It requires real time and a real commitment and has real deadlines. That commitment might be short -- just several minutes (micro volunteering or crowdsourcing) -- and you may be able to do the service at any time on a particular day that you choose -- at 3 a.m. -- or any day in a given period you choose, but the commitment, even if that commitment is a micro task, is real, and if you don't complete an assignment you have signed up for, you hurt the organization you are trying to help.

It is so easy to say yes to volunteering via the Internet that many people sign up to do so before really considering their schedule. Most volunteers who take this approach end up never having that spare time originally envisioned and do not complete an assignments they committed to doing, leaving the organization scrambling to get the work done by others. Saying yes to virtual volunteering but then not completing an assignment also affects the organization's view of online volunteers: staff may decide online volunteers are not trustworthy nor reliable, and challenge or even halt attempts to expand virtual volunteering at an organization.

Most volunteering that you can do from your home or a school computer, or even a handheld device like a smart phone, requires a certain degree of expertise, such as designing flyers, maintaining a web site, translating text, editing video, designing a database, writing press releases or funding proposals, managing online social networking activities, writing code for software, etc. (Wikipedia has a long list of what online volunteers do, and volunteers do these tasks for thousands and thousands of organizations). Even if you have the expertise necessary to volunteer online, in some cases, you may have to go onsite somewhere to meet face-to-face with a representative of the organization you want to help, to introduce yourself, to go through their orientation, to meet staff, and maybe even to convince them to allow you to volunteer online.

Below is a list of organizations that recruit online volunteers specifically, some even exclusively, and you do not have to go onsite to volunteer online with any of them. Some of the sites are individual nonprofit organizations or university-based programs, and you will assist that particular program. Other sites are volunteer recruitment sites that allow organizations to post virtual volunteering assignments. There are also citizen scientist initiatives listed below as well.

Most of the organizations listed on this page will NOT track your volunteer hours - you will have to do that yourself. Also, you will have to ask, before you volunteer, if the organization will provide a signed document that confirms your volunteer hours, if you need such for court-ordered community service or a high school graduation or class requirement. If you explain how you will track the time you volunteer online, and agree to a probation period of, say, a week, many organizations will agree to sign such a letter that attests to your hours. But always ask BEFORE you begin volunteering!

What is NOT below is a list of every organization involving online volunteers! There are many thousands of organizations involving online volunteers. MANY THOUSANDS. And there is no database of every organization that involves online volunteers. The majority of online volunteers assist traditional organizations, from their local council office or service unit of the Girl Scouts of the USA to the local library. Animal shelters, homeless shelters, communities of faith (churches, mosques, temples), community gardens, community theaters, nonprofit zoos, YWCAs and on and on involve online volunteers, to create web pages, to write articles for a newsletter, to test an online tool, to translate text from one language to another, to moderate or facilitate an online discussion group, to research a subject online and gather information, to make regular posts to Facebook, to Tweet regularly, and on and on.

Do not limit your search for online volunteering to the list of organizations on this page. Ask at organizations in your neighborhood, town or city if you can offer your services as an online volunteer. Write them and offer to:

  • captioning or transcribing a video a nonprofit has on YouTube (if you've never done it before, try the YouTube captioning tool with one of your own videos first - it's surprisingly easy to do)
  • creating web pages (but you will need to know how to create HTML files)
  • creating a database the nonprofit might need (of potential funders, of the largest employers in your area, of similarly-focused nonprofits in your state, etc.)
  • writing an article for a newsletter
  • moderating or facilitating an online discussion group
  • translating text from one language to another (both of which you are a native speaker of)
  • researching a subject online and gathering information
  • or whatever you have expertise in doing.

Many organizations in your geographic area would be happy to involve you as an online volunteer, but they may want to meet you face-to-face first, have you go through their onsite training, etc., first. And they may never use the term virtual volunteering - and may not want to.

Note: the vast majority of online volunteering opportunities are FREE - meaning you do not have to pay anything at all to participate - there are no costs other than in terms of your time. However, a few organizations do require you to join the organization as a member, and that membership may include a fee, which helps to cover their costs (the salary of the manager of volunteers, Internet access for the organization, etc.).

Stay away from organizations that say you can pay a fee to them and they will give you community service hours for a court, and all you have to do is watch videos. THIS IS NOT VIRTUAL VOLUNTEERING. It's not community service. Read these comments by a person who paid for online community service from one of these companies and had it rejected by the court. That blog also links to blogs that links to TV stations that have investigated these schemes. Do NOT pay such companies - they are SCAMS. Below are legitimate virtual volunteering / online community service gigs, with real nonprofits.

Finding Online Volunteering / Online Micro Volunteering

AeroSee is an initiative pairing photo-snapping drones and factions of "virtual volunteers" that support on-the-ground staff in search and rescue missions in expansive wilderness areas. "From up on high, a throng of drones are dispersed in a location of interest, canvassing the area as they photograph in frenzy. It is from this mound of geotagged photography that virtual volunteers will scour for any sign of a person. Upon multiple ‘virtual’ team members tagging the same photo, a rescue team is dispatched to the location tagged in that particular file. Through this expanded outreach, aeroSee ensures that survivors can be reached and assisted more quickly, which greatly improves the rate of survival as time is of the essence in these type of scenarios."

Amnesty International Decoders are online volunteers, or digital volunteers, that help the organization expose human rights abuses. Volunteers receive a brief description of a person or people who have suffered human rights abuses years ago and needed support. The volunteers then use an AI tool to identify key details about the people involved and whether there was a positive result. The information is compiled and used by AI in its research and data tracking about human rights abuses and responses. "With your contributions, we can decode the results of numerous Urgent Actions from the early ‘70s to the present day. This will help us understand when and where our campaigning has been most effective."

Ancestry.com's World Archives Program (AWAP) provides free software to its volunteers to access already-scanned images and transcribe them into a common, publicly-searchable database. "The Ancestry World Archives Project is thousands of volunteers from around the world with a passion for genealogy and a desire to help others discover their roots." This is one of several citizen archivist projects for online volunteers listed on this page.

Association of Internet Research Specialists promotes the value, integrity, education, science and art of internet searching. "A qualified Internet Research Professional (IRP) is expected to identify problem, make reasonable assumptions, find information, tabulate data and identify qualitative and quantitative aspects of it - They make meaningful presentations and derive inferences as a result of their research while using Internet as a primary information retrieval tool." The organization has numerous online volunteering opportunities, including website content editing and auditing, auditing of an education course and examination procedures, technical edits and testing of online research techniques, assistance in teaching material development, assistance in educational video development, research assistant - course development, AIRS technical assistance, forum moderators, and technical blogs and article writers.  

betterplace.org is an online platform where individuals, organizations and companies present development/humanitarian projects for which they need support. Anyone can observe, discuss and evaluate these projects, and choose to support any they wish, with money, in-kind donations, or donated expertise (volunteering). It's similar to NetSquared (see below). Also available in German (Deutsch).

Bilbaal is a new online platform, still in beta phase, that connects Palestinian NGOs, social enterprises, initiatives and online volunteers from across the world. Bilbaal means 'on your mind'. It employs a ratings system to ensure that both volunteers and organisations are credible. 

Bilbaal is not affiliated with any religion, government, or political ideology. The most in-demand volunteer service is pro-bono work like translation, PR and communications, fundraising, and legal support. While most of the available volunteering opportunities are for people abroad, a third of the volunteering opportunities are for people on the ground. 

BookShare.Org offers thousands of books to people with reading disabilities. As an online volunteer you can either scan books to be added to the collection or edit books that have been scanned.

Bpeace is a USA-based nonprofit that recruits business professionals to help entrepreneurs in countries emerging from war, like Rwanda and Afghanistan, to create and expand businesses and employment (particularly for women). You will need a particular area of expertise regarding business development or project management, or know where to recruit American-based businesses who will host entrepreneurs who travel to the USA for the program, and pay the annual membership fee, in order to volunteer with BPEACE online.

Volunteer-run communications agency BrightOne has a web app enabling charities in England to post online microvolunteering tasks (that can be completed in around an hour or two online) for volunteers to complete online. Both charities and volunteers must register on the site to participate.

Career Village. An online platform where students ask career questions that are answered by people working, or that have worked, in that field. "Share your experiences directly with students on CareerVillage when your schedule permits—whether you're at home or on the road, whether it's day or evening, whether it's a weekday or the weekend. You control what types of questions you want to answer, and how often you are notified of student questions. Your answers can be one sentence or many paragraphs. All you need is a LinkedIn account to start helping students become better informed about the decision they are facing."

Catchafire is an online volunteer matching service, and most of the assignments are very short, including microvolunteering.

Carnamah Historical Society virtual volunteering initiative (Australia) - Online volunteers help with transcription and indexing projects to make historical records more discoverable and searchable.

Cherie Blair Foundation Online Mentors. Online mentors are successful business women in the U.K., and mentor online women entrepreneurs in developing countries.

Code for America has online volunteering opportunities that utilize web site and software development, design and writing skills of volunteers working from home. These contribute to civic technology projects across the country.

The Community Corps connects nonprofits and schools in the USA to tech volunteers. Projects all somehow relate to technology, and many are focused on the advancement of STEM education and fostering the development of women in technology. Some, but not all, opportunities are online. It's an initiative of NPower.

Create the Good is an initiative by AARP to help its members get connected with nonprofits and causes. Anyone can use the site to find virtual volunteering activities in support of a variety of organizations. Go to the Volunteer Search portion of the site and click "refine search." Put the word virtual or the word online in the keyword search, chose any for distance and date, and leave your postal code blank. Then choose search.

Creatives Without Borders connects nonprofits in need of graphic and web design skills with creatives that are willing to do the work pro bono for a good cause and increased exposure.

Crisis Commons / CrisisCamp mobilizes technology volunteers to work together to create crisis / disaster response and learning events with volunteers, who collaborate to aggregate crisis data, develop prototype tools and train people on how to use technology tools to aid in crisis / disaster response. To be involved as an online volunteer, you need to be an experienced, credible IT expert and you need to establish a relationship with this organization BEFORE a crisis. If you cannot figure out how to contribute as an online volunteer after visiting the web site, you probably don't have the level tech skills needed for this organization's initiatives. To see what kinds of online volunteering opportunities offered through Crisis Commons, join their GoogleGroup.

Crisis Text Line is a free 24/7 national crisis-intervention / counseling service conducted exclusively through SMS text. Texting has become a fundamental way to communicate, particularly among people under 20. Volunteers use the nonprofit's web-based platform to provide emotional support to texters who are dealing with a wide range of issues– bullying, self harm, suicidal thoughts, and more. This is NOT micro-volunteering; candidates go through screening and accepted candidates go through a 34 hour, eight week training, which can be done at the volunteer's own pace from anywhere and includes: video lessons, quizzes, live role plays, on-platform observations, and trainer mentoring. Volunteers that complete the training then sign on to take one four-hour shift each week for a year.

Crowd4U is a micro-volunteering and crowdsourcing platform, an all academic open and generic platform for "Crowdsourcing for Good," providing a task pool for microtasks for academic and public purposes. Crowd4U also serves as a testbed for developing advanced crowdsourcing technologies. At present, FusionCOMP project operates Crowd4U. The development and operation of Crowd4U are supported by many researchers in computer science, informatics, and application domains.

Cuso International E-Volunteering. Cuso International is a development organization that works to reduce poverty and inequality through the efforts of highly skilled volunteers, collaborative partnerships and compassionate donors. Most of its volunteers serve online, but they also have this e-volunteering program. Tasks include translating, web site design, brochure design, logo design, editing, and advising on specific businesses, such as coffee processing and marketing. However, note that many tasks are available only to online volunteers that are Canadian citizens (can be anywhere) or people living in Canada.

Distributed Proofreaders. These online volunteers turn public domain books into online books, mostly for Project Gutenberg. Many volunteers work on a book at the same time. Volunteers proofread each others' work.

Doe Network. Devoted to to assisting official law enforcement agencies in solving cold cases concerning unexplained disappearances and unidentified Victims from North America, Australia and Europe. Online volunteers also help translate documents into various languages. The Doe Network has been recognized as part of the Responsible Volunteer Community by the U.S.A. Department Of Justice.

ebird database, supporting the National Audubon Society. You go "birding" or bird-watching, observing birds with your eye or binoculars, and then enter into the database when, where, and how you went birding, completing a checklist of all the birds seen and heard during the outing.

Educurious seeks seeking online volunteers with a background in science or English language arts to work with high school students to improve their educational outcomes in their upcoming courses. Utilizing the Educurious Platform, students will ask experts for feedback on select assignments. Experts are not expected to grade student's work. Instead, their primary role is to enrich the student's understanding of their work by serving as the professional who can help further develop the student's skills and expose them to new exciting careers. All communication with the students is asynchronous so experts can fit it in around their schedule and they do not have to visit the classroom or be available during school hours.

Electronic Emissary, one of the best known and most respected online tutoring programs, where adult volunteers help students in a variety of complex academic-based projects. The Emissary prefers professionals or retired professionals as online volunteers, because this is a academically-focused tutoring program, not a feel-good mentoring program. NOTE: this site is, as of September 2013, down.

Endapt, Electronic Networking to Develop Accomplished Professional Teachers. For professional teachers only. Are you an experienced, successful teacher working in a U.S. elementary, middle, and/or secondary school? Would you like to directly and positively influence and support the next generation of teachers? New teachers using ENDAPT need your assistance and advice! If you are willing to communicate via e-mail regularly and long-term with a new teacher who is working with content, pedagogical issues, and grade levels similar to yours, you can volunteer online.

EngineerAid. An online based charity in the UK working to "provide remote engineering advice on problems experienced in the less economically developed countries and to satisfy the inherent desire of many engineers to collaborate and solve problems." Needs online volunteers who have an engineering or Science degree, or are studying towards such, to contribute time to projects such as housing reconstruction, designing water pumps, improving water sanitation systems, choosing and installing solar powered generators, and so forth. Current projects and form for potential volunteers.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Volunteer Monitoring Program - this is a mix of online and remote volunteering. Volunteers collect data from the environments around them at their homes or work and submit the information online to the EPA.

Epilepsy Foundation Virtual Volunteering. These opportunities are for people who know how to post on online message boards, blog, communicate through social networking tools, write, and type, and who like to read. You must make a two-hour commitment for one month.

eVidyaloka is an NGO/not-for-profit organization working to help students in rural India. Online volunteer teachers support local teachers in their classrooms, primarily in the subjects of mathematics, science and English. eVidyaloka orchestras the involvement of online volunteer teachers in local classrooms, and teachers use Skype to deliver their courses. Online volunteers can also help develop lesson plans and resources for the classroom, design teaching tools, support IT Systems supporting the class operations, and help with administration of the program. Online volunteers can be based anywhere, including outside of India; at minimum, they need a reliable computer, webcam, headset and broadband connection.

FLOSS Manuals Online volunteers produce free manuals about Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) in their own language. "Today we have more than 120 books in more than 30 languages and more than 3,000 contributors over 5 independent language communities (French, English, Farsi, Dutch, Finnish)."

ForGood, an online volunteering site focused on South Africa, launched around July 2014.

Geeks Without Bounds is "an international coalition of passionate problem solvers working together to assist people whose survival is threatened due to violence, neglect, or catastrophe through the use of technology." To be involved as an online volunteer, you need to be an experienced, credible IT expert and you need to establish a relationship with this organization BEFORE a crisis. If you can't figure out how to contribute as an online volunteer after visiting the web site, you probably don't have the level IT skills needed for this organization's initiatives.

GLOBE Observer App: allows you to record environmental observations to compare to NASA satellite observations to help scientists studying Earth and the global environment. The app includes Clouds, which allows you to photograph clouds and record sky observations and compare them with NASA satellite images. Mosquito Habitat Mapper, asks you to identify potential breeding sites for mosquitoes, sample and count mosquito larvae, and with optional equipment, examine and photograph a specimen to identify its genus. Your observations are contributing to a global database that will be used to by scientists to verify predictive models of mosquito population dynamics based on satellite data. In addition, public health authorities have access to this mosquito data for use in managing disease risk in communities. As soon as the eclipse part of the app is released, it will automatically update in GLOBE Observer. Future versions of GLOBE Observer will add additional tools for you to use as a citizen environmental scientist.

GoodProspects. An online mentoring program by Goodwill. Mentors coach people who are entering or re-entering the work place. Online mentors are sought that can provide help regarding office and clerical jobs, business and financial fields, jobs related to IT (information technology), education jobs, social services fields, customer service, hospitality and food service fields, green jobs, retail work, and health care careers, as well provide career guidance to people with criminal backgrounds, people with disabilities, young adults, veterans, older workers, women and immigrants.

Grow Movement. Online volunteer business consultants from around the world work via Skype, phone and email to empower African entrepreneurs in Uganda, Rwanda and Malawi, helping them with business skills, enabling them to run their organizations more effectively, increase profitability and create jobs in their communities. "Our [online] volunteers are global business professionals with skills in marketing, finance, strategy and business development who offer their 12 consultancy sessions for free."

Oportunidades de voluntariado virtual de hacesfalta.org. La mayoría de oportunidades está en España, pero algunos están en otros países. Note that this is the first European volunteer site to talk about virtual volunteering.

Help From Home has a mix of volunteering activities you can do from home, both online and without a computer. Most are microvolunteering - tasks that require just a few minutes or hours, one time, with no further commitment required. The site also has a list of more than 70 smartphone apps from about as many different organizations that allow you to complete a microtask4good in under 30 minutes.

Helpful Peeps allows anyone to ask for help online from anyone. Askers do not have to be nonprofits. This site will NOT track your hours nor give you any certificate for volunteering.

Hire Heroes USA works to create job opportunities for U.S. military veterans and their spouses. The majority of its volunteers participate remotely, as online volunteers, helping with mock interviews, career counseling, job search guidance, guidance for preparing resumes and filling out applications, and marketing programs to veterans and spouses. "Professional experience in an industry or field is definitely a plus for most of our volunteer opportunities where you will be working directly with clients. However, there are always needs for support functions like fundraising, special events, social media, etc."

Humanitarian Data Exchange (HDX). Key data needed by humanitarian workers addressing critical needs during a crisis, such as a natural disaster (flood, epidemic, etc.) or man made disaster (war, industrial accident), as well as data needed by other development workers and researchers, is often trapped in PDF documents; the needed data often appears in a summary table or as part of a dashboard or infographic. There is a great need to extract this data into a database so that it can be much more easily found, helping anyone to visualize trend lines across regions or countries and compare this data to other indicators. HDX is creating a structure for sharing this data. "We are asking for the support of volunteers to collect the data from the over 177 appeal documents published from 2004 to 2014. The task involves identifying the figures in each appeal and entering them into a form. The appeals are typically written in English or French." It's an easy process to participate as an online volunteer with HDX: (1) Go to the HDX CAP repository to find a list of the appeals, and (2) Choose one to work on, download the document, find the figures, and enter them into the provided web form. "You can do one or ten or as many as you can – it’s up to you." No special technical skills are required."

Humanity Road volunteers use Internet and mobile communications technology to collect, verify and route information online during sudden onset disaster. Using the Internet, they provide public safety information as well as directing the public to governmental and aid agencies that are providing assistance for the disaster.

IMAlive, a live online crisis network and a project by the Kristin Brooks Hope Center, To Write Love On Her Arms and PostSecret. Online volunteers must be at least 18 years old (16 with parents notarized consent), complete at least 20 hours training and a series of tests and screenings, and willing to commit to responding four hours a week for one year, or eight hours a week for six months. They also must pay, or fundraise, a fee to cover training and support costs. Follow on Twitter: @IMAlive

icouldbe.org is meant to connect the energy and expertise of mentors from various professions with the most vulnerable students in the US educational system - those that are most at-risk or most in need. However, note that you will receive very little training as a mentor in this program, and when the author of the page you are reading now participated in the program, not one of her emails sent to the organization seeking guidance was ever answered.

Idealist/Action Without Borders has many volunteer tasks listed on its site that can be completed online. To find them, do keyword searchings using online and virtual on the Idealist site. You will have to read each assignment carefully to ensure it is actually virtual (many that will come up in your search are not).

Infinite Family, an online mentoring program matching adults and families in the USA with at-risk, impoverished children in South Africa.

InspireIT is a free mentoring program for young girls and women studying or interested in Sciences, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM). Interested mentors and mentees register online and are then assessed to see if they meet the criteria (age, qualifications and area of interest). Accepted mentees and mentors are paired based on area of interest and notified via email. Participants communicate with each other and with InspireIT via email, Skype, BBM, WhatsApp, Twitter and Facebook. There are two cycles of the mentoring program every year: the first runs from Mid-February to Mid-May; the second runs from Mid-August to Mid-November. The mentors and mentees complete feedback form at the end of the program.

Internet Archive's Wayback Machine welcomes your submission of digital artifacts - old versions of web sites, copyright-free text, software and recordings, even movies. If a copyright has not expired, permission from the author must be provided as well.

IntoBooks is an online mentoring program where students and their adult mentors read the same books and then discuss them online. It's part of the ePals program.

Judgepedia is an encyclopedia about America's courts and judges. Its goal is to help people discover and learn useful information about the court systems and judiciary in the United States. Anyone can help improve it by registering and then editing any article. "By adding information or fixing any mistakes you see, the quality and depth of the information steadily improves and grows over time." It's a project of the Lucy Burns Institute (LBI), a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization based in Madison, Wisconsin.

Koodonation, part of Sparked / Extraordinaries, hosts a database of online microvolunteering assignments (tasks that can be completed in around an hour or two online) in support of different nonprofit organizations. Both nonprofits and volunteers must register on the site to view microvolunteering assignments.

Learning Ally, formerly Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic. Many audiobooks are created with text-to-speech software that scans text from computer files and uses synthesized human voices to read the text aloud. However, illustrations or figures used throughout the books are not included. Online volunteers type those figure descriptions into the text, enabling students to receive ALL book material, not just the text.

LibriVox is a nonprofit that coordinates online volunteers to record audio versions of public domain books. You need to have software already that allows you to make such recordings (LibriVox does not provide such).

LifeWorks E-mentoring is an National Institutes of Health (NIH)-sponsored mentoring program for high school and college students who are interested in behavioral and social science, biomedical research, and healthcare careers. Through this program, students are linked via e-mail communication with e-mentors who provide them with relevant information, guidance and support. A continuous mentoring commitment of at least eight months is expected from all participants. Undergraduate and graduate students, university professors, postdoctoral fellows, independent researchers, and healthcare personnel are encouraged to consider volunteering to serve as mentors in this program. As part of the registration process, all prospective mentors are screened against the Dru Sjodin National Sex Offender database of the United States Department of Justice. NIH will also contact the designated personal reference to request information about your character and academic/employment history.

Map Rectifier Project by the New York Public Library. This geo-rectification toolkit creates layered digital maps utilizing all of the information available about a certain geography from sources as varied as Google's satellite imagery and fire insurance land maps that are two centuries old. Citizen geo-rectifiers index information that records how many floors a building once had or what a street was named at different points in time, and the resulting layered digital map shows the aggregate results.

MarineBio E-volunteers - MarineBio seeks online volunteers to serve as science content producers/editors to write new content about marine biology, conservation and science. "We are looking primarily for proactive, independent, biology, zoology, marine biology, etc. students and graduates who wish to help us with our mission and goals. We are also interested in talking with you if you simply have time, energy and an interest in marine life and would like to help make a difference. We also need help with marketing and PR, networking with similar groups, and researching various topics involving marine conservation and marine life."

MentorPlace, a volunteer program that brings employees of IBM and students together in online relationships focused on academics. You must be an IBM employee to participate.

MicroMentor matches small business owners with business mentors. If you want to be a volunteer mentor, you should have three years of business ownership experience, or five years of management experience, or several years of professional experience in a specialized skill, such as marketing, web site development, accounting, financial planning, etc. The program is part of MercyCorps.

Michigan Cyber Civilian Corps (MiC3): trained online volunteers providing assistance to the state in times of emergency cyber incidents. Individuals who wish to join must have IT and cyber security skills. To ensure that MiC3 members have the skills and expertise to successfully respond to cyber incidents, accepted volunteers are provided with access to OnDemand cyber security classes from the Michigan Cyber Range (MCR) and hands on exercises each year. And, yes, you have to be in Michigan to participate.

Mozilla/Firefox. Did you know that this web browser is produced by a nonprofit organization? "We believe in the power and potential of the Internet and want to see it thrive for everyone, everywhere." Mozilla involves hundreds of online volunteers, and "You don't have to be a C++ guru (or even know what that means!)" to contribute as an online volunteer.

Nabuur, which recruits online volunteers to support organizations working in or for the developing world.

National Archives (USA) Flickr site, where you can help to tag historical photographs and documents that have been scanned and uploaded, so that they are easier to be found by students, scholars and others.

NetMentors, focused on career-development eMentoring for teens.

The National Map Corps (TNM Corps), part of the U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). USA citizens collect data on structures and use it to add new features, remove obsolete points and correct data for The National Map database. Structures include schools, colleges and universities, fire stations, law enforcement centers, prisons, state government offices, hospitals and clinics, cemeteries, and post offices.

NetSquared, an initiative of TechSoup, is a place where nonprofits, corporations, government agencies, NGOs and individuals propose ideas that involve "the intersection of technology and social impact." Anyone is welcomed to comment on the proposed projects on the site, and there are often opportunities to vote on which projects should receive funding. You can build relationships with proposed projects through your suggestions to such, and this can lead to an ongoing volunteering relationship.

1947 Partition Archive is "a grassroots, non-political, 100% volunteer run effort to document and preserve eye witness accounts from the partition of British India into present day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh in 1947." Online volunteers can help with transcription of interviews (many interviews are in English), translation of interviews and other materials from/into Hindi, Punjabi, Bengali, Urdu, Sindhi, and English, video editing, online outreach or legal advice.

NOAA weather volunteers. Volunteers serve as storm spotters and daily weather observers. They record their weather observations online. You can join a national network of Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) volunteers.

North American Bird Phenology Program by the US Geological Survey. This program makes scans of bird migration research notes available to its indexers. The notes consist of six million migration card observations that were created from 1880 to 1970 all across North America, tracking data about bird appearances in various locales in a historic attempt to map migration patterns (and which are of a resurging interest now for the purposes of, among other things, studying climate change). In the past three years, 2000 indexing volunteers have already successfully transcribed 500,000 records.

OpenHatch is a non-profit that matches prospective volunteer software contributors with communities, tools, and education.

The OpenMRS community is a worldwide network of volunteers from many different backgrounds including technology, health care, and international development. Together, they are working to build the world's largest and most flexible technology platform to support delivery of health care in some of the most challenging environments on the planet. "No matter what your background or interest, we'd love to have you help us save lives with Health IT."

OpenStreetMap is a free editable map of the whole world. It is made by online volunteers. Anyone can contribute to its geographical database. However, note that the project will not record your hours of service nor provide any documentation to a school, class, probation officer, court, etc. re: your record of online service.

PartnerUp is an online community focused on the needs of small business owners and entrepreneurs. You can volunteer your business expertise to answer questions online from small business owners, entrepreneurs, independent contractors. Online volunteers provide expertise in agriculture and farming, businesses related to arts and entertainment, banking, financial services and insurance, international trade, manufacturing, mining, industry-specific marketing and advertising, real estate, restaurants, transportation, waste management and more. It's a part of SCORE, a nonprofit helping small businesses "get off the ground, grow and achieve their goals through education and mentorship."

Perverted Justice involves far more online volunteers than onsite volunteers, mostly as forum / Virtual Office contributors and moderators, providing links to resources, news stories and other information relating to Perverted Justice's mission of investigating, identifying, and publicizing adults who solicit online sexual conversations with adults posing as children or underage teenagers. Volunteers must be over 18. Volunteers who prove themselves as reliable and committed on the forum/Virtual Office after several months become eligible for the Junior Contributor training program and higher-responsibility roles with the organization.

Professionals in Humanitarian Assistance and Protection - Online volunteers. These online volunteers help humanitarian workers with database, transcription and translation projects. You must be accepted as a member of PHAP to participate as an online volunteer (your application for membership must be approved and you must pay an annual membership fee).

Prosper Community - Working to mobilize online volunteers to help with projects that help refugees in Europe. Currently in beta phase, their primary project is refugeeprojects.com.

The Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network (RAINN) is the nation's largest anti-sexual violence organization, and operates the National Sexual Assault Hotline at 1.800.656.HOPE and the National Sexual Assault Online Hotline. Online volunteers who staff the online hotline have to complete a training course facilitated by RAINN, complete a background check, and be on time for shifts.

Random Hacks of Kindness (RHoK), "Hacking for Humanity," is a "community of developers, geeks and tech-savvy do-gooders around the world, working to develop software solutions that respond to the challenges facing humanity today." RHoK brings software engineers together with disaster risk management experts to identify critical global challenges, and develop software to respond to them. Representatives from the group works to identify problems that can be addressed by software programmers and become RHoK's Featured Hacks - the hacking challenges thrown out to the developer community at the next RHoK hackathon.

Reddit initiative to make Reddit more accessible: join the Reddit community (free to do so) and join other online volunteers providing transcriptions for those who rely on text-to-speech or other assistive software - mostly these are people with disabilities. This is a terrific microvolunteering opportunity as well, as it takes only minutes to transcribe something as a part of this initiative.

Sidelines, a USA-based non-profit organization providing international support for women and their families experiencing complicated pregnancies and premature births. Must of this support is provided by online volunteers who have experienced complicated pregnancies and premature births themselves.

Smithsonian Archives of American Gardens is an online database of thousands of images in the Smithsonian's Collections Search Center. By correctly tagging an image regarding the types of plants in the image, the structures, objects, people, or any details you notice, you help make that image more useful to professional catalogers in museums, archives and libraries. Also see the Smithsonian Mystery Gardens project. Neither of these projects will record your hours of service nor provide any documentation to a school, class, probation officer, court, etc. re: your record of online service.

Smithsonian Digital Volunteer program. The Smithsonian seeks to engage the public in making its collections more accessible. "We're working hand-in-hand with digital volunteers to transcribe historic documents and collection records to facilitate research and excite the learning in everyone." Transcription turns handwritten and typed documents into searchable and machine-readable resources, creating an incredibly valuable asset for art, history, literary and scientific researchers across the globe. From high school to graduate studies, transcription allows students to engage with primary source materials – a key part of the learning experience. Transcription preserves these historic documents for future generations.

Statistics Without Borders (SWB), an Outreach Group of the American Statistical Association. Comprised entirely of volunteers, it provides pro bono statistical consulting to organizations and government agencies, particularly from developing nations that do not have the resources for statistical services. In support of non-partisan and secular activities, SWB promotes the use of statistics to improve the health and well-being of all people, and its projects have included those in the areas of emergency and disaster management, humanitarian aid, child welfare, animal welfare, health services and education of girls in developing countries, among others. SWB has over 1,000 statisticians supporting our projects. To find out about how you can become a SWB volunteer, visit the web site.

TechSoup has a series of discussion groups where nonprofits ask questions about technology. You can log into the community at any time and try to help nonprofits and volunteers with questions about software, databases and more. However, note that, unless you assume a leadership role with TechSoup, such as being in charge of an entire branch on the TechSoup community forum, the project will not record your hours of service nor provide any documentation to a school, class, probation officer, court, etc. re: your record of online service. TechSoup also needs people to transcribe its most popular archived webinars (requires that you listen to the pre-recorded webinar and type what is said, re-listening as you need to in order to capture what is being said).

TeenCentral.Net, an online help site for teens to counsel teens in crisis. It is managed by the nonprofit KidsPeace.org.

Tor is free software for enabling anonymous communication, concealing a user's location and usage from anyone conducting network surveillance or traffic analysis. Tor enables users to surf the Internet, chat and send instant messages anonymously. It's a fundamental tool for activists all over the world who could be harmed for their work, and is sometimes used by women who are being stalked. The Tor Project is a Massachusetts-based 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization that is primarily responsible for maintaining Tor software, and it involves a lot of online volunteers.

Translators Without Borders, for volunteers who want to translate texts for NGOs and nonprofits (note that these kinds of volunteering opportunities are available at many of the other sites listed on this page).

Trevor Project operates TrevorSpace, an online, social networking community for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning (LGBTQ) youth ages 13 through 24, and their friends and allies. Online volunteers monitor the TrevorSpace site in an effort to maintain a safe space for young LGBTQ people online. Trainings for online volunteers are provided quarterly. Online volunteers are also needed on a one-time or continual basis to write program content for TrevorSpace.

United Nations Online Volunteering Service lists at least a few hundred online volunteering opportunities at any given time, at organizations working in or for the developing world (not just UN agencies). This is the largest database anywhere of online volunteering opportunities.

Voluntarios en la red; online volunteering in support of Mexico-based organizations.

VolunteerMatch has many of the volunteer tasks listed on its site tagged as virtual volunteering. However, read each assignment that interests you carefully, as many assignments (often most) are not virtual (many are mistagged).

We-Me, a platform linking women mentors with at least five years of experience in a particular field or subject matter and mentees, for personal and professional development. Passionate about issues of gender equality? Care about empowerment of women? Become a member of the Womenpower platform. Having issues you need to discuss one-to-one? Studying or early career? Get advice from experienced mentors around the globe. Share your story and receive support from professionals in a safe community. "All women can be part of the platform and provide and receive support!"

Wikipedia, the largest online volunteering initiative in the world. To volunteer, you simply find an article you have some knowledge of and add information to the entry. Note that Wikipedia now strongly encourages all additions to any entry be attributed to a verifiable source. However, note that the project will not record your hours of service nor provide any documentation to a school, class, probation officer, court, etc. re: your record of online service. Available in Spanish, French, German, Polish, Italian, Dutch, Portuguese and more!

WomenOnCall.Org has volunteer tasks listed on its site for a variety of organizations that are tagged as virtual volunteering or online volunteering. This site is to connect women volunteers with nonprofit organizations.

WorldPulse. You can read through the needs of women and women-focused NGOs in the developing world and, if that need could be addressed by an online volunteer (such as mentoring someone regarding digital literacy), you can express your interest via the WorldPulse community board. World Pulse itself also has specific roles/responsibilities for online volunteers. You will need to create an account on WorldPulse to get started.

Zooniverse, home to the internet's largest citizen science projects. One of the most popular is the Old Weather project, where online volunteers transcribe hand-written weather observations made by Royal Navy ships around the time of World War I; using old weather observations can help predict our climate's future.

Where Else To Find Virtual Volunteering / Microvolunteering Opportunities

Do NOT limit your search for online volunteering to the list on this page; ask at nonprofit organizations and government programs in your geographic area if you can offer your services as an online volunteer, creating web pages, creating a database, writing an article for a newsletter, moderating or facilitating an online discussion group, translating text from one language to another (both of which you are a native speaker of), researching a subject online and gathering information, or whatever you have expertise in doing. Don't send an email and say, "I want to microvolunteer." Instead, say what it is you want to do: "I can help you with your web site, I can translate your newsletter, I can research subjects online," etc. Walking in and talking with someone, or calling, might be better than just sending an email, even if most of your work will be online. 

For instance, there may be troops of Girl Scouts in your area that need help with designing fliers, moderating online discussion groups, writing press releases and sending them to the local press, update a web site and helping to maintain Facebook activities. Contact a local organization and ask how you can help with these kinds of tasks with local service units or troops - and be prepared to pay to join the organization as a member (very affordable) before you begin volunteering.

Look at how your city or neighborhood is represented on Wikipedia. Is there information lacking? If so, contact your local historical society and propose how you could help improve how your city or neighborhood is represented on Wikipedia. For instance, for the Wikipedia entry for my home town back in Kentucky, the history starts in the 18th century - yet, there were settlements here, of American Indians/Native Americans, prior to that. It's also lacking information about civil rights-related events in the city, which were substantial. Using the historical society resources and the local library, a volunteer could spend a few hours improving the entry for the town with this and more, through research, writing, and working with the historical society staff. The amount of improvement, and the amount of hours, can be determined by the volunteer.

If you are in Europe, this wiki, produced in 2013, has a list of more than 60 organizations involving online volunteers in EU countries. Countries represented include Spain (España), the U.K., the Netherlands, Germany (Deutschland), Poland, Denmark, the Czech Republic, France, and more.

Other Home-Based Volunteering

Below are home-based volunteering tasks you can do that do NOT involve using the Internet or computers to deliver your services (though you need to use the Internet to sign up to help).

These are assignments for people who sew, knit, or crochet, and for those who want to make greeting cards for ill children or to USA military personnel

    Afghans for Afghans (this project was started by three online volunteers who helped with a Unite Nations project back in 2001)

    Mother Bear Project, provides crocheted and knit bears to children with HIV/AIDS

    Shawl Ministry (faith-based Christian volunteering)

    Project Linus, making blankets and crafts for sick children

    Quilts of Valor (QOVs), making quilts for soldiers.

    Adopt a Soldier, allows volunteers to send letters and items to soldiers.

    Binky Patrol is an organization that provides donated handmade security blankets to children in need. These include kids battling HIV, drug abuse, child abuse, or chronic and terminal illnesses. Volunteers can make blankets in a variety of ways: knitting, crocheting, quilting, or just sewing up a nice piece of fleece fabric. “Binkys” range from two feet square for preemies up to twin bed size, and all sizes in between. Learn more about volunteering and making blankets in this video by founder Susan Finch.

    Wildcare organizes a Baby Bird Nest Craft-along to create knitted and crocheted nests from volunteers from all over.

    Knitted Knockersis an non-profit that provides handmade prosthetic breasts to mastectomy patients. They organize knitters to make knitted cotton breasts that are lightweight, comfortable, and most importantly, free to those who need them.

    The Mother Bear Project sends knitted teddy bears to children dealing with HIV in emerging nations. They’ve already distributed over 100,000 bears to children in 26 different countries. They welcome all knitters to make bears.

    Leggings for Life takes requests from veterinarians and pet owners, for injured and disabled animals that need custom-made clothing and cushions for their special needs. They work to create ongoing partnerships, since assistance items will wear out and need to be replaced.

    At Knots of Love, volunteers make crocheted caps for chemo patients, who are often cold in clinics and hospitals, and wigs aren’t comfortable all the time.

    Knit-A-Square invites yarn crafters to join in a project that is simple enough for even beginners: knit or crochet an 8-inch square. The collected squares are sent to South Africa, where they are assembled into blankets for orphaned or vulnerable children affected by AIDS. These blankets, along with toys and knitted clothing, go to children in 54 countries. Over 12,000 knitters have contributed already, and you can join them at Facebook

    Snuggles Project, part of the Hugs For Homeless Animals, connects good-hearted yarn crafters with animal shelters near them that could use security blankets to comfort animals and make the place feel more homey.

    Halos of Hope is a non-profit that collects colorful caps for cancer patients from knitters, crocheters, and seamstresses who donate their time and skills.

    Elephants Remember Joplin mobilizes crafters to make elephants to give to those in need, and to sell and raffle off for charities, as well as to knit toys and clothing to fund charities all over the world.

    Mats for Cats invites crafters to make soft cage liners for cage floors at cat shelters. Mats for Cats is affiliated with the Potsdam Humane Society in Potsdam, New York, but the mats generated are shared with shelters all over, and feral cats as they are identified.

    Project Linus gathers homemade blankets for children distributed through hospitals, shelters, and aid agencies. Donated blankets can be sewn, quilted, hand-woven, knitted, or crocheted, but must be high-quality and free of smoke or pet hair.

    The Wrapped in Hugs program aims to present a handmade wrap/blanket to every family of an organ donor at the time of donation, as a thank you gift.

    Feel Better Friends mobilizes volunteers to crochet dolls to resemble a specific child dealing with any traumatic health issue. The dolls have the same hair and eye color as the child, and the hair/wig can be detachable for children going through chemotherapy. The point is make the child feel less “different” because of the health issue.

    Knitting Rays of Hope collects handmade knitted, crocheted, or loomed hats to give to babies in neonatal intensive care units and to cancer patients. They have distributed over 2400 hats since 2012.

There's also:

  • Watch the Wild, a program of Nature Abounds: you can observe and report what is taking place in your community, from trees and plants to weather and wildlife activity. "In as little as ten minutes, your observations help us to understand how our eco-systems are changing and helps us to adapt for the future." All you need to do is choose a location or route to observe, whether it be your backyard, a route you drive regularly, or an area that you play, visit, or hike in regularly, sign up to participate, then record your observations and report them to Watch the Wild/Nature Abounds via mail or email.
  • Call your local humane societies, ASPCA chapters and animal shelters, and ask if you could:

  • Make appropriate food treats for dogs and cats and drop them off at the shelter. You can find a variety of recipes to make treats for dogs and cats online.
  • Make appropriate bedding for dogs and cats and drop them off at the shelter. You could use scrap materials gathered from your own home and that of neighbors. There are lots of suggestions for making your own dog and cat beds online.
  • Organize a dog and cat toy drive, or a food and supply drive for the shelter.
  • Foster a dog or cat. That means you care for the dog or cat in your own home until it is adopted by someone else. You do this through your local humane society, ASPCA, animal shelter, or dog or cat rescue organization. It is a real commitment; if you take in a dog or cat, there is no where else for that animal to go until it is adopted, so don't take on a foster animal unless you can make the commitment needed!
  • Help From Home has a mix of volunteering activities you can do from home, both online and without a computer.

Track volunteering hours yourself! Use a spread sheet or a notebook, and note the organization you assisted, what you did, the day, and how many hours you contributed. When you finish volunteering at an organization, or when you are ready to start filling out college applications, ask the organization you have helped to write a letter on their letterhead confirming how many hours you contributed and what you accomplished (and adding anything else they would like to say). Ask any organization you want to help about their policy regarding a letter to confirm your hours BEFORE you start volunteering.

Some courts and schools will NOT count online volunteering or home-based volunteering as part of your community service. You must get permission from them first before you embark on online volunteering or home-based volunteering to meet your community service obligation. It is your responsibility to understand the court's or school's or university's requirements for documenting your community service.

And keep in mind that an organization has every right to fire you / let you go as a volunteer, no matter how urgently you need to complete your community service. They are under no obligation to keep you -- especially if you have missed shifts, violated policies, etc.

If you found this page helpful, let others know:

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© 2010-2016 by Jayne Cravens, all rights reserved. No part of this material can be reproduced in print or in electronic form without express written permission by Jayne Cravens.


 The Last Virtual Volunteering Guidebook,  available for purchase as a paperback and an ebook from Energize, Inc.
or as a paperback from Amazon or as a Kindle book from Amazon.
This book is for both organizations new to virtual volunteering, as well as for organizations already involving online volunteers who want to improve or expand their programs.
The last chapter of the book is especially for online volunteers themselves.  

More suggested books:

Volunteering: The Ultimate Teen Guide (It Happened to Me)

The Busy Family's Guide to Volunteering: Doing Good Together

Doing Good Together: 101 Easy, Meaningful Service Projects for Families, Schools, and Communities

Engage Every Parent!: Encouraging Families to Sign On, Show Up, and Make a Difference

Volunteer Vacations: Short-Term Adventures That Will Benefit You and Others

Children as Volunteers: Preparing for Community Service

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